Company Trial Balance and Financial Statements Question
Before you begin: It's really important when you're preparing for tests and exams to make sure you not only answer questions correctly but also do so at the right speed (especially important for long exercises like this). So please time yourself while attempting this exercise.
Difficulty Rating:The trial balance of Palicio Security Services Inc. as of January 1, 2016 had the following normal balances:
Intermediate --> Advanced
Accounts receivable 13,500
Prepaid rent 3,200
Merchandise inventory (24 @ $265; 1 @ $260) 6,620
Accounts payable 1,950
Unearned revenue 980
Salaries payable 1,000
Common stock 50,000
Retained earnings 47,800
The following transactions took place during 2016 for Palicio Security Services:
1. Paid the salaries payable from 2015.
2. On March 1, 2016, Palicio established a $100 petty cash fund to handle small expenditures.
3. Paid $4,800 on May 1, 2016, for one year's lease on the company van in advance.
4. Paid $7,200 on May 2,2016 for one year's office rent in advance.
5. Purchased $400 of supplies on account.
6. Purchased 100 alarm systems for $28,000 cash during the year.
7. Sold 102 alarm systems for $57,120. All sales were on account.
(Compute cost of goods sold using the FIFO cost flow method)
8. Paid $2,100 on accounts payable during the year.
9. Replenished the petty cash fund on August 1. At this time, the petty cash fund had only $7 of currency left. It contained the following receipts: office supplies expense $23, cutting grass $55, and miscellaneous $14.
10. Billed $52,000 of monitoring services for the year.
11. Paid installers and other employees a total of $25,000 cash for salaries.
12. Collected $89,300 of accounts receivable during the year.
13. Paid $3,600 of advertising expense during the year.
14. Paid $2,500 of utilities expense for the year.
15. Paid a dividend of $10,000 to the shareholders.
1. Prepare the trial balance as at Dec 31, 2016 for Palicio Security Services Inc.
2. Prepare the income statement, statement of changes in equity and balance sheet for Palicio Security Services Inc.
This is actually a pretty tricky and advanced accounting question. You should only try it if you have a pretty good understanding of the following topics (click for a tutorial on each):
Additionally, this question also deals with prepaid expenses
and income received in advance
, which are concepts I don’t go into detail about on this website (I only cover these topics in detail in my basic accounting books
Here are some brief explanations though: Prepaid expenses
are expenses you paid too early. Because it is paid too early it is as if you are owed the amount you
paid, and the prepaid expense essentially is a debtor/receivable
(an asset account).
In a similar way, income earned in advance
means you have been paid money before delivering the services/products, and so it is as if you owe this amount. Thus, income earned in advance is a creditor/payable
Note also that in this exercise we are dealing with a company
, not a simple sole proprietor. With a corporation there are some new terms and concepts.
First of all there are many owners in a corporation and these owners are called shareholders
Also, each of the shareholders owns shares
in the corporation, which is also known as common stock
Finally, instead of “drawings,” we have dividends
that are paid to all the shareholders from the accumulated profits (AKA retained earnings
Okay, so now that we’ve cleared up all those terms, here’s the solutions, starting with the trial balance:
** Cash includes $100 petty cash. Calculation of cash balance:
74,210 - 1,000 - 4,800 - 7,200 - 28,000 - 2,100 - (100 - 7) - 25,000 + 89,300 - 3,600 - 2,500 - 10,000
The opening balance of prepaid rent ($3,200) has been expensed out during 2016 as we have assumed this rent (that was paid the previous year) applies to the 2016 year. This is a likely assumption as there was a new prepaid rent cash payment on 2 May, 2016.
It is not stated in the question whether the unearned revenue of $980 at the beginning of 2016 was actually earned during the year. In this solution we have assumed that the unearned revenue still remains unearned at the end of 2016. However, it is quite acceptable to treat this as having been earned during 2016. If treating it as earned during 2016 one would add $980 to revenue and remove the unearned revenue account ($980 - $980).
Calculation of Cost of Sales and Closing Inventory (FIFO Basis):Opening Balance of Merchandise Inv.
(24 Units @ $265 + 1 Unit @ $260) $6,620
Purchased during the year
100 Units @ $280 $28,000
Total available for sale
124 + 1 Units (125 Units) $34,620
Sold*(Cost of Sales)
102 Units $28,180
Closing Balance of Merchandise Inv.
23 Units @ $280 $6,440
*Cost of Sales
102 Units (24 Units @ $265) + (1 Unit @ $260) + (77 Units @ $280) = $28,180
Note that the prepayments (prepaid office rent and prepaid motor lease) have been included under debtors/receivables. Likewise, the income received in advance (“unearned revenue” of $980) has been included under creditors/payables.
Hope you enjoyed this and got some good practice with the Company Trial Balance and Financial Statements Question!
Michael CelenderReturn to the Financial Statements TutorialFor more free exercises return to the Full Accounting Questions and Answers page.And for exercises you can do at home get one of our official books: Accounting Basics: Workbook or Accounting Basics: Complete Guide!