Accounting Equation Liability Example: Capital vs Interest
Q: In the liabilities example, when George pays the bank part of his loan for $4000, the amount is deducted from the bank account. Why is it not deducted from the owners equity? (since owners equity is based on the amount of assets) Please clarify.
In this example George is paying off what is known as the capital portion
of his loan.
You might be confusing the capital portion
of the loan with interest
on a loan.
If George was paying interest, this would definitely be an expense
More expenses mean less profit
and less share for the owner (less owner's equity
But this example is a $4,000 repayment of the capital portion (or principal) of the loan, not the interest expense.
So our cash or bank decreases, and our liabilities (the loan itself) also decreases in value (from $5,000 to $1,000).
Owner's equity is not affected either way (up or down) when we pay off a liability (debt to external parties). George's equity is the exact same as it was before this transaction took place: $25,800.
Hope that helps clarify things there!
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