Purchase Returns & Discounts Question

accounting studentQ: If I bought 3 units of merchandise on account and returned 1 due to defects, and was given a credit memo, what would the entry be?


Debit: Credit Memo
Credit: Purchase Returns & Discounts

-or-

Debit: Accounts Payable
Credit: Purchase Returns & Discounts

Would appreciate your help. Thanks.

A: For anyone wondering, a credit memo is a credit note, which is defined by the Free Dictionary as "a commercial document issued by a seller to a buyer, listing the products, quantities and agreed prices for products or services the seller provided the buyer, but the buyer did not receive or returned. It may be issued in the case of damaged goods, errors or allowances..."

The second option above is correct.

Let's rewind first. Originally when purchasing the goods we would have done:
Debit: Purchases
Credit: Accounts Payable (liability)

When credit memo is received we would do the following entry:
Debit: Accounts Payable (liability)
Credit: Purchase Returns & Discounts

You could debit "Creditors" instead of "Accounts Payable" above if you want.

Why debit accounts payable? It is a liability and we owe them less (we do not owe them for the defective goods).

Why credit discount received? It's income. We saved money. We owe that much less. So it's considered income.

When we pay the creditor for the remaining 2 goods we do the usual:

Debit: Accounts Payable (liability)
Credit: Bank (asset)

Hope that makes sense.

Best,
Michael

P.S. There is a lot more info on purchases returns and discounts in my basic accounting book. ;-)

Comments for Purchase Returns & Discounts Question

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Clarification of Purchase Return
by: Borhan

Thanks for clarifying the transaction entries for Purchase Return.

You're welcome!

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