Journal Entry for Shares Issued

Shares issued

Question:

Make a journal entry for the following (assume that this occurred in the second half of 2009):


a) Issued additional shares for 1,200 in cash.

Answer:

The journal entry would be as follows:

Dr Bank....................1,200
Cr Share Capital....................1,200


Because the shares are issued for cash we have more cash, and since cash is an asset which occurs on the left side, we
debit this.

The shares issued is a type of
capital account specifically for a company. A share is actually a small piece of ownership of a company (in a company you can have many owners and each owner owns shares in the company).

We have more shares issued - more capital - and since capital is
owner's equity and occurs on the right side, we credit this account.

Note that the account name "Share Capital" could also be called
"Common Stock." Stock means shares and common stock simply means the normal type of shares issued (there can be a few types of shares besides just regular ones).

Par Value and Share Premium

share price investment graph Note that shares can have something called a par value, which is the official or original face value of each share. But they can be issued (sold) for much more than its par value, especially since many shares increase over time.

When shares are issued at greater than par value, we have a special journal entry:

Dr Bank
Cr Share Capital
(for the par value)
Cr Share Premium (for the amount above the par value)

For example, Supershoes Limited issues 1 million shares with a par value of $3 for $5 million. The journal entry would be:

Dr Bank....................5,000,000
Cr Share Capital....................3,000,000
Cr Share Premium....................2,000,000


Both the "share capital" and "share premium" accounts are capital accounts and together add up to the total value of share capital.

Note that the account name "Share Premium" is also sometimes called
"Paid in Capital in Excess of Par Value" or "Additional Paid-in Capital."

In some cases you can have shares with no par value. In that case you would do an entry like the first one above, with no "Share Premium."

In rare cases shares can also be issued at a discount to the par value (less than the par value).


Hope that all makes sense! Good luck!

Best,
Michael Celender
Founder of Accounting Basics for Students


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Comments for Journal Entry for Shares Issued

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Unpaid Stock
by: Anonymous

How would you record stock that is issued but only partly paid?

If you mean that individuals buying the stock only partially paid for it and owe some money, then I would record a debtor.

So, for example, if you issued 1 million shares with a par value of $2 per share for a total of $3 million. $2.5 million was received in cash and $0.5 million was still owing.

Dr Bank 2,500,000
Dr Debtor 500,000
Cr Share Capital 2,000,000
Cr Share Premium 1,000,000

Hope that helps!

Best,
Michael C.
Accounting Basics for Students

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